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16 Mitigating the Effects of Armed Conflict: Humanitarian Law

From: Human Rights: Between Idealism and Realism, Third Edition

Christian Tomuschat

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 07 December 2023

Ius ad bellum — Ius in bello — Countermeasures — Lex specialis — Customary international law — Weapons, chemical — Weapons, nuclear — Armed conflict, non-international — Combatants — 1815 to World War I — World War I to World War II — Since World War II — Responsibility of states
In a community of nations remaining attached to basic concepts of peace and human rights, war, if and when it occurs, cannot simply be regarded as a fact of life which lasts as long as it lasts with whatever consequences it may entail. In the same way as great efforts have been made to ban and effectively eradicate war, it should be a supreme objective of the international community to reduce as far as possible the detrimental and often atrocious corollaries of armed conflict. With this objective in mind, two strands of rules have been developed: jus ad bellum...
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