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15 Enforcement by States and the Role of Non-Governmental Organizations

From: Human Rights: Between Idealism and Realism, Third Edition

Christian Tomuschat

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 10 December 2023

Erga omnes obligations — General principles of international law — Treaties, observance — Countermeasures — Military assistance — Humanitarian intervention — NGOs (Non-Governmental Organizations) — Diplomatic protection — Responsibility of states — Responsibility of non-state actors
As shown in the preceding chapters, most of the special procedures for the protection of human rights come to an end once the body concerned has made its findings and formulated its recommendations as appropriate. At the universal level, no formalized enforcement procedures are generally provided for. This applies to the relevant resolutions of the General Assembly and the HRC as well as to the concluding observations of the various expert bodies after the examination of a state report or to the views adopted on an individual complaint. Although the expert bodies...
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