- Most-favoured-nation treatment (MFN) — Denial of justice — Fair and equitable treatment standard — Full protection and security — International minimum standard — Legitimate expectations — National treatment
Chapter 7 examines central treaty provisions on the treatment of investors. It begins with a discussion of the basis and character of treatment obligations, paying attention to the rule of law in international investment protection, the structure of investor treatment provisions within investment treaties, the historical evolution of the treatment standards, and the use of general rules in their interpretation. It then considers how the treatment standards have been developed and applied in contemporary arbitral awards. It conducts a detailed analysis of the principal treaty protections of fair and equitable treatment, full protection and security, national treatment, and most-favoured-nation treatment. It concludes by offering an integrated approach to the determination of contested rights.
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