- Control — Denial of benefits clause — Nationality of investor
Chapter 5 examines the nationality of the claimant as a jurisdictional condition to the ambit of protections afforded by investment treaties. It first provides an overview of the nationality requirement in investment law before discussing the role of precedent in resolving three key controversial jurisdiction ratione personae issues: (1) the dual nationality of individuals; (2) the problems arising from corporations under foreign control; and (3) the restructuring of corporate nationality in order to seek to achieve the benefits of treaty protection. The chapter analyses the nationality and control requirements of both the ICSID Convention and of investment treaties themselves. It concludes with the effectiveness of denial of benefits clauses.
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