[3.01] Article 1 of the Optional Protocol (OP) states that petitions must be submitted by individuals who believe themselves to be victims of a breach of the ICCPR. In the Mauritian Women’s Case (35/78), the Committee made the following oft-quoted statement: ¶9.2. …A person can only claim to be a victim in the sense of article 1 of the Optional Protocol if he or she is actually affected. It is a matter of degree how concretely this requirement should be taken. However, no individual can in the abstract, by way of an actio popularis, challenge a law or practice...
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