Article 8 of the Convention lays down an exception to the immunity from jurisdiction that a State would otherwise enjoy pursuant to Article 5 of the Convention. Specifically, it regulates the circumstances in which a State is precluded from relying on its immunity from jurisdiction as the result of either having initiated proceedings or having taken some step in proceedings initiated by another party. Article 8 is thus to be distinguished from the provisions of Part III of the Convention, which operate on the basis that the State is not immune from proceedings...
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