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s.I Foundational Issues, 2 Alternatives to Treaty-Making: MOUs as Political Commitments

Anthony Aust

From: The Oxford Guide to Treaties (1st Edition)

Edited By: Duncan B. Hollis

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From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 22 May 2024

Consensual arrangements other than treaties — Treaties, binding force — Treaties, conclusion — Depositaries and registrations — State practice
Open covenants of peace, openly arrived at, after which there shall be no private international understandings of any kind, but diplomacy shall proceed always frankly and in the public view.1Since 1919, when US President Woodrow Wilson issued this sincere, but hopelessly unworldly, appeal, diplomacy has continued to develop many new ways of doing business. Even when the subject matter is proper and lawful, diplomats know that it is not possible for all international deals to be embodied in treaties, whether or not they are on important matters. Yet, the deal needs...
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