Treaties will generally set out the substantive rights and obligations of the treaty parties. But treaties are also used to establish institutions for international cooperation. Such institutions may take many forms such as formal international organizations (IOs) or international courts. But treaties may also set up organs that are neither IOs nor international courts in the traditional sense. Such organs may be labelled ‘treaty bodies’.1Today, treaty bodies serve various functions. Some have many characteristics of an IO. In the international environmental...
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