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Duncan B Hollis

From: The Oxford Guide to Treaties (1st Edition)

Edited By: Duncan B. Hollis

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From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 23 June 2024

Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties — Pacta sunt servanda — Subjects of international law — NGOs (Non-Governmental Organizations)
The treaty is an august instrument. Since antiquity, treaty-makers have recognized the sacrosanct nature of commitments embedded in treaty form. The Bible, for example, records the obligatory character of a treaty forged by Joshua and the Gibeonites. The Hebrew God had directed Israelites to destroy all neighbours living in the promised land of Canaan—‘save nothing alive that breathes’1—but permitted them to spare foreigners from distant lands. The inhabitants of Gibeon lived in Canaan and knew they faced extinction. They sent a mission to the Israelite leader,...
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