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III Regions, II Asia, 19 China

Shin Kawashima

From: The Oxford Handbook of the History of International Law

Edited By: Bardo Fassbender, Anne Peters

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 27 March 2023

History of international law — State practice — International law and international relations — International trade
This chapter discusses how international law was received in China from the Chinese point of view. As is well known, China had treaty relations with Western countries, for example the Treaty of Nerchinsk of 7 September 1689.1 However, it was only when William Martin translated Henry Wheaton's Elements of International Law2 as Wanguo Gongfa (Immanuel CY Hsü translates it as public law of all nations), which was then published by the Zongli Yamen (government body in charge of foreign affairs during the late Qing Dynasty) in 18653 that China first received...
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