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II Themes, 13 The Protection of the Individual in Times of War and Peace

Robert Kolb

From: The Oxford Handbook of the History of International Law

Edited By: Bardo Fassbender, Anne Peters

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 20 March 2023

Nationality of individuals — Rights holders — Combatants — War crimes — Care for the sick and wounded
Since antiquity, public international law has dealt to some extent—at least secondarily—with rights and duties of individuals. Institutions such as postliminium or the suppression of piracy iure gentium bear testimony to this ancient lineage. In classical authors such as Grotius, we still find many passages, reminiscent of the medieval and scholastic world, where the status of individuals is at stake.1 During the 17th–19th centuries, the question of torts committed against subjects of a foreign king and the ensuing remedy of the letters of reprisal were much...
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