When human rights violations occur, the victim of the violation has the right to seek redress through domestic proceedings and, eventually, may have access to an international tribunal. The designation of a ‘victim’ is an international matter and, at a minimum, includes the individual whose right or freedom has been violated. It is generally not necessary that the victim be a national or resident of the defendant state. When the victim is deceased or the injury has consequences for other persons, third parties also may be characterized as direct or indirect...
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