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Part III World Trade Law and Regional Trade Agreements, XXIII The Regional Integration of Markets

From: Principles of International Economic Law (1st Edition)

Matthias Herdegen

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From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 28 February 2024

NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) — Standards of treatment — Tariffs — Regional organizations
The basis of all forms of regional or bilateral economic integration is the elimination or progressive reduction of tariffs and of other trade restrictions between the contracting States. The elimination of such ‘internal barriers’ to the trade between the Member States characterizes the elementary type of regional economic integration: the free trade area or free trade zone. A more advanced form is the customs union. Whilst the free trade area merely eliminates tariffs in between Members, the customs union additionally establishes a single external tariff for...
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