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Part C Hostilities, X The Paradigm of Hostilities

From: Targeted Killing in International Law

Nils Melzer

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 21 May 2024

Combatants — Armed conflict — Military necessity — Terrorism — Geneva Conventions 1949 — Proportionality
The preceding analysis has shown that the international normative paradigm of law enforcement tolerates targeted killings only in exceptional circumstances. Thus, outside the conduct of hostilities, the extra-custodial killing of an individual cannot lawfully be the actual purpose, but must remain the undesired and inevitable consequence, of an operation absolutely necessary to achieve a different, legitimate aim. More precisely, the only purpose recognized as potentially legitimizing targeted killings is the protection of human life from a grave and unlawful...
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