The Charter of the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg (IMT) did not mention genocide as a crime that came within the jurisdiction of the judges who were called upon to address the misdeeds of the leaders of the German Third Reich. Acts of genocide could be taken into account by them either within the framework of war crimes or of crimes against humanity. Although accordingly genocide was substantively covered by the Nuremberg catalogue of international crimes, it was felt necessary to establish genocide as a separate and distinct class of such crimes in...
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