International criminal law heavily depends on the notion that state agents can be held criminally accountable for conducts amounting to international crimes, although they acted qua state agents. To put it differently, international criminal law must be grounded on the assumption that if a state agent has committed an international crime, he cannot escape criminal responsibility by claiming that he performed the wrongful conduct on behalf of his state. The reason is that international criminal law mainly deals with crimes that are usually perpetrated by state...
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