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Part III Legal Regimes, Ch.6 Air Warfare

Michael N Schmitt

From: The Oxford Handbook of International Law in Armed Conflict

Edited By: Andrew Clapham, Paola Gaeta, Tom Haeck (Assistant Editor), Alice Priddy (Assistant Editor)

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 24 February 2024

Warfare, air — 1815 to World War I — Geneva Conventions 1949 — Customary international law
By World War II, airpower had become a defining element of warfare. In that conflict, the Battle of Britain saved the United Kingdom from invasion, General Doolittle’s daring raid made possible the first blow against the Japanese mainland, and the retaking of territory conquered by Germany and Japan would not have been possible but for Allied air superiority. Yet airpower also subjected civilian populations on both sides of the conflict to horrendous suffering in such operations as the ‘Blitz’, the fire-bombing of Dresden, and the dropping of atomic bombs on...
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