The construction of social sex and gender roles means that armed conflict is sexed and gendered.1 Men still make up the majority of the fighting forces, while women’s generally unequal and subordinate social and economic position makes them vulnerable in particular ways during conflict. Women and men, girls and boys all suffer gender-based violence. Such violence is directed at a person because of his or her gender.2 For instance men sustain specific harms such as disappearances and deliberate killings in greater numbers than women, while women disproportionately...
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