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Part VI Key Issues in Times of Armed Conflict, Ch.25 Private Military and Security Companies

James Cockayne

From: The Oxford Handbook of International Law in Armed Conflict

Edited By: Andrew Clapham, Paola Gaeta, Tom Haeck (Assistant Editor), Alice Priddy (Assistant Editor)

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 02 December 2023

Geneva Conventions 1949 — Armed conflict — Responsibility of states — State entities and attribution — Wrongful acts
In the last two decades, private commercial actors offering military and security services have moved from being considered a curious and exotic anomaly—an exception unworthy of forming the basis of systematic regulation—to being regarded as a central contemporary concern for the international law of armed conflict. That shift in perception is in part due to a shift in reality. The dominance of national military power over the last century has left little space on the battlefield for independent entrepreneurs, except as adjuncts to state forces or in theatres...
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