International human rights law (IHRL) primarily focuses on rights protection in peace-time, and historically this has been reflected both at national and international levels. International humanitarian law (IHL) by contrast focuses on the Hague and Geneva law of armed conflict. The changing nature of conflict situations in recent times has had important effects on the applicability of IHRL and IHL.1 Fundamental IHL principles, including distinction, humanity, and proportionality have gained general acceptance, and the position of the civilian population and of...
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