Solidarity in the face of a gross and systematic failure by a State to observe an obligation arising under a peremptory norm of international law implies a positive obligation on all States to take part in public action on behalf of the international community to protect common interests. This obligation operates in conjunction with the rights and powers of the directly and indirectly injured States. The obligation to cooperate emerged as part of the ‘common minimum’ set of consequences drawn up by the International Law Commission in respect of the concept...
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full
to access all content.