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Part III The Sources of International Responsibility, Ch.29 International Crimes of States

James Crawford

From: The Law of International Responsibility

Edited By: James Crawford, Alain Pellet, Simon Olleson, Kate Parlett

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 25 May 2024

Genocide — Aggression — Apartheid — Wrongful acts — Responsibility of states — Erga omnes obligations
The traditional position of international law on the question of international crimes of States was expressed by the Nürnberg Tribunal, which stated that: Crimes against international law are committed by men, not by abstract entities, and only by punishing individuals who commit such crimes can the provisions of international law be enforced.1 Treaties recognizing or establishing international crimes affirmed the Tribunal’s position. The first of the post-war criminal law conventions, the Genocide Convention, specifi cally provided in article IX for State...
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