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Part I Introduction—Responsibility and International Law, Ch.2 The System of International Responsibility

James Crawford

From: The Law of International Responsibility

Edited By: James Crawford, Alain Pellet, Simon Olleson, Kate Parlett

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 17 June 2024

Responsibility of states — Reparations — Responsibility of individuals — Pacta sunt servanda — BITs (Bilateral Investment Treaties) — UNCLOS (UN Convention on the Law of the Sea) — Immunity from jurisdiction, states — Arbitral tribunals
Article 1 of the International Law Commission’s Articles on the Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts provides: Every internationally wrongful act of a State entails the international responsibility of that State. Due to the historical development of international law, its primary subjects are States. It is on States that most obligations rest and on which the burden of compliance principally lies. For example, human rights treaties, though they confer rights upon individuals, impose obligations upon States.1 If other legal persons have...
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