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Part A Major Problems of International Criminal Justice, II Fundamentals of International Criminal Law, International Criminalization of Prohibited Conduct

Paola Gaeta

From: The Oxford Companion to International Criminal Justice

Edited By: Antonio Cassese (Editor-in-Chief)

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 20 March 2023

As every criminal lawyer knows, certain conduct is criminalized not only if that conduct is prohibited by the law of a given country, but also if the threat of a criminal sanction is attached to it in case of transgression. This is why, at the international level, the criminalization of individual conducts is a recent phenomenon that evolved in the early 1990s. Until that time, international law was instrumental in allowing states to better organize the joint repression of certain criminal offences, more specifically those that damaged their collective interests...
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