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Part A Major Problems of International Criminal Justice, I How to Face International Crimes, Alternatives to International Criminal Justice

José E. Alvarez

From: The Oxford Companion to International Criminal Justice

Edited By: Antonio Cassese (Editor-in-Chief)

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 28 May 2023

For most of recorded history, the response to what today we would call ‘international crime’, including mass atrocities, has been to avoid the mechanisms of international criminal justice. There was, after all, a gap of nearly 500 years between the first known internationalized war crimes prosecution and the second, at Nuremberg after World War II (see Nuremberg IMT), and nearly half a century before another comparable attempt, through the ICTY and the ICTR. Today, despite the turn to a motley collection of internationalized criminal courts, it remains probable...
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