Crimes within the jurisdiction of the international criminal tribunals and the ICC are multilayered concepts. In the lower layers subsist criminal acts of varying degrees of internal complexity, whereas in the upper layers we find a kind of social context for those acts. Generally speaking, the elements in the upper layers are consolidated, in tribunal statutes, into ‘chapeaux’—one for each international crime. In the current four-fold taxonomy of international crimes—namely, genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes in international armed conflicts, and war...
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