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Part A Major Problems of International Criminal Justice, IV International Criminal Trials, The International Criminal Court as a Turning Point in the History of International Criminal Justice

Claus Kreß

From: The Oxford Companion to International Criminal Justice

Edited By: Antonio Cassese (Editor-in-Chief)

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 30 March 2023

The establishment in Rome of the ICC in July 1998 constitutes the culmination of a momentous historical development whereby a system to repress crime under general international law was combined with the essentially preventive collective security system under the UN Charter. In the future, these two systems have the potential to form two central pillars of a world order defined by peace. The landmark contribution that the Nuremberg IMT and Tokyo IMTFE (IMTs) made to ICL is not diminished by the victor’s justice critique that their limited jurisdiction inevitably...
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