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Professional or Commercial Activity by Diplomat

Eileen Denza

From: Diplomatic Law: Commentary on the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations (3rd Edition)

Professor Eileen Denza

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From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 28 February 2024

Diplomatic immunity — Immunity from jurisdiction, states — Immunity from jurisdiction, taxation of foreign state property
A diplomatic agent shall not in the receiving State practise for personal profit any professional or commercial activity. Unlike the four duties of a diplomatic agent which are set out in Article 41, the duty to abstain from professional and commercial activities was not established before the Vienna Convention as a rule of customary international law. It was at least from the nineteenth century onwards regarded as somewhat improper and incompatible with his status for a diplomat to engage in trading in the receiving State. In the case of Taylor v Best1 Jervis CJ...
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