- Compliance with international decisions — Treaties, observance
This chapter considers the question of how treaties can work if their members do not comply with the treaty’s terms. It argues that treaty effectiveness has only a minimal relation to compliance as generally understood by treaty lawyers and scholars. Treaty lawyers tend to focus first and foremost on divining the contours of agreement — what terms can be negotiated and concluded? Once a treaty exists, their concerns shift to implementation with an eye to making — or avoiding — claims that a member has breached whatever obligations the treaty imposes. The chapter begins by describing how the extant literature conceptualizes and measures treaty compliance and effectiveness. It then focuses on distinguishing these two concepts, and emphasizes how questions of treaty effectiveness, not compliance, deserve higher priority. The final section offers some practical advice and principles for pursuing more effective treaty-making.
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