The terms ‘withdrawal’ and ‘denunciation’ may be used interchangeably to refer to the unilateral act by which a party to a treaty seeks to terminate its party status.88 Withdrawal or denunciation may be authorized by the treaty’s own terms. Where the treaty is silent, the default rule disfavours withdrawal absent a showing that the parties intended to allow it or if such a right may be implied from the nature of the treaty.89 Where available, withdrawal or denunciation has significant legal effects. In the bilateral context, treaty relations end on the effective...
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