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Part II Predominant Security Challenges and International Law, Environmental Security, Ch.33 Wild Fauna and Flora Protection

Gus Waschefort

From: The Oxford Handbook of the International Law of Global Security

Edited By: Robin Geiß, Nils Melzer

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 18 May 2024

International trade — Endangered species — International organizations

This chapter explores wild fauna and flora protection. Recently, the United Nations Security Council, which bears ‘primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security’, has adopted a number of resolutions regarding the security situations in the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Central African Republic, in which a nexus is recognized between the poaching and associated illicit trade in wild fauna and flora (particularly elephant ivory) and international peace and security. While the chapter is concerned specifically with the link between the protection of wild fauna and flora and global security, the international legal regime geared towards such protection is most developed in the context of conservation and trade. The chapter looks at the broader conservation framework, with particular emphasis on the regime created by the 1973 Convention on Illegal Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). CITES is the apex instrument for the regulation of trade in wild fauna and flora.

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