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Part II Predominant Security Challenges and International Law, Human Security, Ch.21 Human Trafficking and Slavery

Vladislava Stoyanova

From: The Oxford Handbook of the International Law of Global Security

Edited By: Robin Geiß, Nils Melzer

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 25 May 2024

Migration — Human trafficking

Since the beginning of the twenty-first century, with the adoption of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (UNTOC Trafficking Protocol), the concept of human trafficking has become a dominant frame in addressing issues of human security. This chapter critically reviews this development by clarifying an important tension that permeates the international legal framework on human trafficking and slavery. This tension concerns the security of the individuals who might be victims of human trafficking and slavery vis-à-vis the security of the borders of their desired States of destination. Given this tension, the chapter discusses the main challenges that lie ahead in this area of international law.

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