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Part III Substantive Guarantees, 13 Protection of the Intellectual and Spiritual Sphere

From: The Law of International Human Rights Protection (2nd Edition)

Walter Kälin, Jörg Künzli

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 16 July 2024

Freedom of thought, conscience, and religion — Right to education

This chapter discusses the human rights that protect the intellectual and spiritual sphere of human life, including the freedom of thought, conscience, and opinion; the right to education; cultural rights; and freedom of religion. Freedom of thought, conscience, and opinion promote ideological pluralism, one of the indispensable foundations of a democratic society. By guarding the individual's intellectual autonomy, this right protects the core of the private sphere. Therefore it enjoys absolute protection and is non-derogable. The right to education is classified as a social, economic, and cultural right. However, it simultaneously comprises aspects of classic civil liberties by protecting, for example, the freedom of parents' educational choices against state interference.

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