- Cultural property / heritage
This chapter focuses on Article 31, which specifies the relationship of the 2003 Convention to the UNESCO programme for the Proclamation of the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity (‘Proclamation programme’). It shows that different stages of the drafting process of the Convention are reflected throughout the terms used in Article 31. They are closely connected with crucial debates concerning the Representative List and the criterion of ‘having outstanding value’, the underpinning criterion of the Proclamation programme. Throughout the negotiation of the Convention, the Asian and African States were in favour of introducing this concept into the new Convention. Some of the Asian countries, such as Japan and the Republic of Korea, had a long tradition of state protection of their ICH. Naturally, these countries proposed introducing their national List-based mechanisms together with the criterion of ‘excellence’ at the international level.
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