- Military assistance — Military matters — Peace keeping
This chapter turns to the case study of Afghanistan. It first examines the Bonn Agreement that marked the start of the creation of the new Afghan State, and the status and development of the multinational military organization that was created to provide the security conditions conducive to the new State taking root, the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF). Next, this chapter looks at the status and development of the parallel military mission undertaken by the US-led coalition, known as Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), to fight against al-Qaeda. Because of the way in which the missions of ISAF and OEF became blurred together in very real senses as the war in Afghanistan wore on, this chapter considers the challenges posed to the effective operation of the two status-of-forces agreement (SOFA) regimes. It also looks at how these challenges impacted and informed the new agreements that became effective in 2015.
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