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Part IV The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, 39 The International Committee of the Red Cross: Legal Status, Privileges, and Immunities

Jean-Philippe Lavoyer, Sylvain Vité

From: The Handbook of the Law of Visiting Forces (2nd Edition)

Edited By: Dieter Fleck

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 26 March 2023

Military assistance — Military matters — Peace keeping

This chapter offers a brief description of the origin, mandate, and legal status of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). The ICRC is an impartial, neutral, and independent organization that was founded in 1863. It endeavours to promote compliance with international humanitarian law by all parties to armed conflicts. It also seeks to provide protection and assistance to victims of armed conflict and other situations of violence. Its activities are based on a mandate received from the community of States. In order to support the efficient fulfilment of its mandate, the ICRC was also recognized international status and was granted privileges and immunities under both international and domestic law.

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