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Part VI Impact, ‘Legacy’, and Lessons Learned, 48 The ICC and Capacity Building at the National Level

Olympia Bekou

From: The Law and Practice of the International Criminal Court

Edited By: Carsten Stahn

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 20 March 2023

International crimes — Gross violations

This Chapter examines the importance of capacity building in administering justice for core international crimes. It discusses both the ICC framework, including its limited resources, and the obstacles national jurisdictions need to overcome in order to meet the complementarity threshold in the ICC context. It further explores the notion of positive complementarity as the basis for capacity building, with a view to revisiting the position of national legal orders in the Rome Statute system of justice. It argues that national jurisdictions should not attempt to replicate ‘mini-ICCs’ on the ground, but create national justice institutions that serve the needs of the societies they represent, whilst complying with requisite international standards.

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