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Part 3 Vulnerable Groups, 3.1 Women

From: Freedom of Religion or Belief: An International Law Commentary

Heiner Bielefeldt, Nazila Ghanea, Michael Wiener

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 16 July 2024

Religion — Freedom of association — Freedom of expression — Freedom of thought, conscience, and religion — Minorities — Children, rights — Women, rights

This chapter discusses the right to freedom of religion in relation to women’s right to equality and non-discrimination. Based on a holistic understanding of the positive interrelatedness of all human rights, practical synergies between freedom of religion or belief and gender equality are not only possible; they are a reality in many cases. Unfortunately, this is sometimes ignored or even denied. Some observers tend to turn concrete conflicts arising in the intersection of these two rights into an abstract normative antagonism, to the detriment of a holistic view. The chapter explores policies aimed at eliminating stereotypes and prejudices, problems arising from religious family laws, the autonomy of religious institutions, educational matters, and other issues. It also deals with conflicts related to issues of sexual orientation and gender identity.

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