Jump to Content Jump to Main Navigation

Part IV Balancing Trade and Non-Trade Objectives, Ch.23 Progressive Trade: Labour and Gender

Marcus Gustafsson, Amrita Bahri

From: The Oxford Handbook of International Trade Law (2e) (2nd Edition)

Edited By: Daniel Bethlehem, Donald McRae, Rodney Neufeld, Isabelle Van Damme

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 16 July 2024

Labour and gender concerns share a blind spot in WTO law, which fails to adequately address them. However, that has not prevented WTO Members from increasingly addressing both labour and gender issues in their FTAs. Because trade ultimately affects and is affected by both labour and gender concerns, these concerns have found a place in existing bilateral and regional FTAs. Moreover, they are inseparable sides of the same coin, as labour provisions such as parental leave or childcare, occupational safety and health, and anti-discrimination directly impact female workers and entrepreneurs. However, there are various differences in the ways in which labour and gender provisions are drafted and incorporated in existing trade agreements. This chapter provides an overview of the growing influence of both labour standards and gender equality concerns in contemporary trade debates and, in particular, how existing FTAs have increasingly accommodated both concerns.

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.