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Max Planck Encyclopedia of International Procedural Law [MPEiPro]

Ethiopian War Crimes Tribunal

Megan Donaldson

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 10 December 2023

Aggression — War crimes — Occupation — Sovereignty — Recognition of states

Published under the direction of Hélène Ruiz Fabri, with the support of the Department of International Law and Dispute Resolution, under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for Procedural Law.

1 The Italian invasion and occupation of Ethiopia (1935–41) involved acts recognized at the time as violations of international law, and as war crimes. Although several Italian military and civilian officials were listed as war criminals by the United Nations War Crimes Commission (‘UNWCC’), none was ever prosecuted for these events: a striking outcome even given the highly selective justice of the era. 2 This impunity was largely a result of the Eurocentric civilizational hierarchies (Civilized Nations) which had left Ethiopia vulnerable to Italian invasion in...
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