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Max Planck Encyclopedia of International Procedural Law [MPEiPro]

Waitangi Tribunal

Janine Hayward

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 21 March 2023

Colonization / Decolonization — Indigenous peoples — International courts and tribunals, procedure — Treaties, interpretation

Published under the direction of Hélène Ruiz Fabri, with the support of the Department of International Law and Dispute Resolution, under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for Procedural Law.

1 Māori—tangata whenua (people of the land)—had lived in Aotearoa (New Zealand) for many centuries prior to the arrival of Europeans (Anderson et al, 2014). In February 1840, after many decades of contact through trade and settlement and amidst increasing tensions, Māori and the British signed the Treaty of Cession between Great Britain and New Zealand (‘Treaty of Waitangi’ or ‘Treaty’) at Waitangi in the Bay of Islands. The Treaty of Waitangi recognized and protected Māori rights, and established the British right to govern the new colony. Despite its guarantees,...
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