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Max Planck Encyclopedia of International Procedural Law [MPEiPro]

Reasonable Grounds to Believe

Michael Ramsden

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 31 May 2023

Human rights — Standard of proof — International courts and tribunals, procedure — International criminal law, evidence

Published under the direction of Hélène Ruiz Fabri, with the support of the Department of International Law and Dispute Resolution, under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for Procedural Law.

1 A standard of proof specifies a minimum threshold that evidence must meet so that a decision-maker is able to consider a hypothesis as proven (Laudan, 2006, 64; Keane, 2000, 90; Assessment of Evidence; International Courts and Tribunals, Evidence). One of the standards of proof in international adjudication is ‘reasonable grounds to believe’, which has been applied in a variety of international judicial or quasi-judicial bodies (International Courts and Tribunals; Quasi-Judicial Body). The use of ‘reasonable grounds to believe’ reflects the flexibility in the...
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