1 In international litigation, like in national forums, practical obstacles may deter access to justice. Financial aspects of international adjudication can discourage international actors from resorting to international proceedings. Indeed, the procedural costs may be a critical element in deciding whether to refer a dispute to an international adjudicative body. 2 In the context of international arbitration, the parties bringing the dispute bear the costs of arbitrators as well as the institution’s administrative fees. This characteristic makes arbitration...
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