1 Costa Rica and Nicaragua are two Central American States located between the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Under the 1858 Treaty of Territorial Limits between Costa Rica and Nicaragua (‘Treaty of Limits’), their border runs along the Costa Rican bank of the San Juan River. Nicaragua therefore has sovereignty over the San Juan River. 2 On 16 December 2015, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) (‘Court’) delivered its judgment in two cases concerning the area around the border between the two countries, namely Certain Activities Carried out by Nicaragua...
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