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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Certain Activities Carried Out by Nicaragua in the Border Area (Costa Rica v Nicaragua) and Construction of a Road in Costa Rica Along the San Juan River (Nicaragua v Costa Rica)

Mamadou Hébié, Vladyslav Lanovoy

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 29 November 2023

Environmental disputes — Rivers — Sovereignty — Customary international law — Expert evidence — Witnesses — Interim and provisional measures — Reparations — Boundaries — Use of force, prohibition — Use of force, threat

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 Costa Rica and Nicaragua are two Central American States located between the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Under the 1858 Treaty of Territorial Limits between Costa Rica and Nicaragua (‘Treaty of Limits’), their border runs along the Costa Rican bank of the San Juan River. Nicaragua therefore has sovereignty over the San Juan River. 2 On 16 December 2015, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) (‘Court’) delivered its judgment in two cases concerning the area around the border between the two countries, namely Certain Activities Carried out by Nicaragua...
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