Chahal and ors v United Kingdom, Merits and just satisfaction, App No 22414/93, Case No 70/1995/576/662, ECHR 1996-V, (1996) 23 EHRR 413,  ECHR 54, 1 BHRC 405, IHRL 3103 (ECHR 1996), 15th November 1996, European Court of Human Rights [ECHR]; Grand Chamber [ECHR]
Whether considerations of national security could justify deportation to a state where the deportee would be subjected to ill-treatment contrary to Article 3 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (‘European Convention on Human Rights’, ‘ECHR’).
Whether the length of detention pending deportation complied with Article 5(1) of the ECHR.
Whether the proceedings available to challenge the lawfulness of the detention provided adequate control by the courts as required by Article 5(4) of the ECHR.
Whether the deportee was afforded an effective remedy in respect of his Article 3 complaint for the purposes of Article 13 of the ECHR.