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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)

Mohamed Bennouna

Subject(s):
National liberation movements — Military assistance — Security assistance — Weapons of mass destruction — Act of state — Universal international organizations — Neutrality and non-alignment

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 The Non-Aligned Movement (‘NAM’) was founded in Belgrade in 1961 at a conference of Heads of State , representing 25 predominantly Asian and African States. The NAM is neither a new alliance nor an international organization, but a grouping of States mostly formed as a result of the decolonization process. Its members were determined not to adopt the logic of the Cold War (1947–91) , nor to embrace the division of the world, which as of 1947/48 was split in two blocs of nuclear weapon States, the clash of which could lead to catastrophic consequences for the...
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