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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Decolonization: Dutch Territories

Johannes van Aggelen

Subject(s):
Colonization / Decolonization — Act of state

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 When Japan occupied the Netherlands East Indies in March 1942, the territory had been a Dutch colony for more than three centuries ( Colonialism ). In the spirit of the Atlantic Charter (1941) , Queen Wilhelmina, then in exile in London, launched a plan for a post-war commonwealth of the Netherlands, Indonesia, Suriname, and the Netherlands Antilles. At the Potsdam Conference (1945) the Anglo-American chiefs of staff agreed to transfer jurisdiction over the Netherlands East Indies to the South-East Asia Command under Lord Mountbatten. On August 1945 he became...
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