Decolonization: Belgian Territories
- Colonization / Decolonization — Foreign relations law
Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.
1 ‘Belgian Africa’ consisted of the Belgian Congo (now Democratic Republic of the Congo [ Congo, Democratic Republic of the ]) and Ruanda-Urundi (now Rwanda and Burundi ). The ‘Congo Free State’ was acquired by King Leopold II at the conclusion of the Berlin West Africa Conference (1884–85) on 5 February 1885 and thereafter run as a privately controlled corporate territory. After mistreatment of the local population caused significant public pressure and diplomatic manoeuvres, culminating in an international commission of enquiry, King Leopold II had to relinquish...