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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Decolonization: Belgian Territories

Freya Baetens

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 20 February 2019

Subject(s):
Colonization / Decolonization — Foreign relations law

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 ‘Belgian Africa’ consisted of the Belgian Congo (now Democratic Republic of the Congo [ Congo, Democratic Republic of the ]) and Ruanda-Urundi (now Rwanda and Burundi ). The ‘Congo Free State’ was acquired by King Leopold II at the conclusion of the Berlin West Africa Conference (1884–85) on 5 February 1885 and thereafter run as a privately controlled corporate territory. After mistreatment of the local population caused significant public pressure and diplomatic manoeuvres, culminating in an international commission of enquiry, King Leopold II had to relinquish...
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