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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Human Rights and Humanitarian Law

Robert Kolb

Subject(s):
Civil and political rights — Economic, social, and cultural rights — Nationality of individuals — Armed conflict, international — Weapons — Care for the sick and wounded — Prisoners of war — Combatants — Customary international law — Writings of publicists

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 The term human rights law (‘HRL’) encompasses all fundamental freedoms and all basic social, economic, and cultural rights recognized to each individual independently of nationality . The term international humanitarian law (‘IHL’) is today used in a broad sense ( Humanitarian Law, International ). It covers all the rules protective of potential or actual victims of armed conflicts, all the rules on the conduct of warfare, and all the provisions relating to the rights and duties of the armed forces towards the other party in case of armed conflict ( Armed...
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