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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Apartheid

Julia Gebhard

Subject(s):
Religion — Equality before the law — Race — Apartheid

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 The term ‘apartheid’ derives from the Afrikaans word for ‘apartness’ or ‘separateness’. Originally, it was used only to describe the distinctive South African system of racial segregation and classification along racial lines accompanied by a denial of basic human rights and political rights to the black and so-called ‘coloured’ (mixed race) population of South Africa between 1948 and 1994. Throughout the years, however, and particularly after apartheid rule had ended in South Africa in 1994, the meaning of the term has broadened. Today, it is used as a synonym...
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